As we spend more and more time on our computers, it's important to know how to navigate and utilize our keyboard to its full potential.

From simple shortcuts to specialized keys, each button on our keyboard has a specific function that can greatly increase our productivity and efficiency. In this post, we'll take a closer look at the most common keyboard keys, what they do, and how to use them to make the most out of your computer experience.

These are computer keyboard keys and their functions:

  • ESC (Escape Key): Typically used to cancel or close a current operation or window.
  • Page Up/Down: Used to scroll up or down a page or document.
  • Print: Sends the current document or page to the printer for printing.
  • End: Takes the cursor to the end of the current line or document.
  • Ins (Insert Key): Toggles between insert and overwrite mode, allowing you to either insert new text or overwrite existing text.
  • Del (Delete Key): Deletes the character to the right of the cursor.
  • Pause: Pauses a running program or process.
  • Home: Takes the cursor to the beginning of the current line or document.
  • CTRL (Control Key): Used in combination with other keys to perform specific tasks, such as copying, pasting, and saving a document.
  • Backspace: Deletes the character to the left of the cursor.
  • Shift: Used to type uppercase letters or symbols, or to select multiple items.
  • Caps Lock: Toggles between uppercase and lowercase letters.
  • Enter: Used to submit a form, start a new line or confirm a command or selection.
  • Tab: Used to indent text or move to the next field in a form.
  • Arrow Keys: Used to move the cursor up, down, left, or right.
  • Windows Key: Typically found on Windows-based computers and used to open the Start menu or switch between open windows.
  • Alt: Used in combination with other keys to perform specific tasks, such as accessing menu options.
  • F1 - F12: Function keys that can be programmed to perform specific tasks, such as opening a specific program or adjusting the volume.
  • Num Lock: Toggles the numeric keypad between numbers and cursor movement keys.
  • Scroll Lock: Typically used in older computer programs to control screen scrolling.
  • Option or Alt Gr: Used to type special characters or access additional options.

These are just a few examples of additional keyboard keys that are commonly used on computers. The specific keys available on a keyboard may vary depending on the manufacturer and model.

The table below provides a comprehensive overview of the differences between keyboard layouts in Spanish, German, Italian, Portuguese, French, Swedish and Hebrew. Whether you're a multilingual user or just interested in the nuances between keyboard layouts, this table serves as a useful reference for understanding the equivalent names for each key in different languages.

English Spanish German Italian Portuguese French Alt.
Esc Esc Esc Esc Esc Échap
Page Up Re Pág Bild Pag Su Pág Acima ⇞ / Page Précédente
Page Down Av Pág Bild Pag Giù Pág Abaixo ⇟ / Page Suivante
Home Inicio Pos1 Home Início Début
End Fin Ende Fine Fim Fin
Pause Pausa Pause Pausa Pausa Pause  
Ins Ins Einfg Ins Ins Ins  
Del Supr Entf Canc Del Suppr.
Backspace Retroceso Rücktaste Indietro Apagar Suppr arrière
PrtSc Impr Pant Drucken Stampa Imprimir Impr Ecran  
Ctrl Ctrl Strg Ctrl Ctrl Ctrl  
Shift Mayús Umschalt Maiusc Shift Maj
Caps lock Bloq Mayús Feststelltaste Bloc Maiusc Bloco de Maiúsculas Verr Maj
Enter Entrar Eingabe Invio Enter Entrée
Tab Tab Tab Tab Tab Tab
Num Lock Bloq Num Zahlensperre Bloc Num Bloqueio Num Verr Num
Scroll Lock Bloq Despl Rollen Bloc Scorr Bloqueio de Rolagem Verrouillage défil ⤓ or ⇳
Option/Alt Gr Opción/Alt Gr Option/Alt Gr Opzione/Alt Gr Opção/Alt Gr Option/Alt Gr ⌥ 


In conclusion, this table provides a comprehensive overview of the equivalent names for various computer keyboard keys in several different languages. Whether you are a multilingual user or simply interested in the differences between keyboard layouts, this table serves as a helpful reference. It is important to note that while some key names may vary from language to language, their functions remain the same, making it easy for users to navigate and utilize their keyboards with ease.